Common steel annealing temperature

2024-05-25


Annealing of steel is an important step in the steel processing process, which can improve the mechanical properties, microstructure, and processing performance of steel. Different types of steel correspond to different annealing temperatures. The following will introduce the annealing temperature of commonly used steel and its related knowledge.

 

 

 1. Annealing temperature of carbon steel

Carbon steel refers to the steel products with a carbon content between 0.02% and 2.11%, which is one of the most commonly used steel products. The annealing temperature of carbon steel is generally between 650℃ -700℃, and the annealing time varies according to different materials and sizes. During the annealing process, carbon steel is heated to reach the annealing temperature and then cooled to room temperature to improve its mechanical properties and tissue structure.

 

2. Annealing temperature of stainless steel

Stainless steel is a kind of alloy steel with corrosion resistance, mainly composed of iron, chromium, nickel and other elements. The annealing temperature of stainless steel is generally between 800℃ -950℃. According to different stainless steel materials and the annealing effect to be achieved, the annealing time is also different. During the annealing process of stainless steel, attention should be paid to controlling the temperature and cooling rate, to avoid excessive grain size and oxidation phenomena. 

 

3. Annealing temperature of alloy steel

Alloy steel refers to the steel containing other elements (such as chromium, molybdenum, vanadium, etc.) besides iron and carbon. The annealing temperature of alloy steel varies with different alloy compositions, generally between 800℃ and 900℃. In the annealing process of alloy steel, the temperature and cooling speed should be reasonably controlled according to the specific material and the annealing effect needed to be achieved, so as to ensure the optimization of its mechanical properties and organizational structure.

 

4. Annealing temperature of the tool steel

Tool steel is a special steel used to make tools, with high hardness and wear resistance. The annealing temperature of tool steel is generally between 750℃ -850℃, and the annealing time also varies according to the different material and size of tool steel. During the annealing process, attention should be paid to control the temperature and cooling speed, to maintain its good cutting performance and strength.

 

5. Annealing temperature of high-speed steel

High-speed steel is a special steel with high hardness, high wear resistance and high temperature resistance, which is often used in manufacturing tools and cutting tools. The annealing temperature of high-speed steel is generally between 800℃ and 850℃, and the annealing time varies according to the specific high-speed steel material and size. In the process of high-speed steel annealing, attention should be paid to control the temperature and cooling speed to ensure the uniform distribution of its fine carbide particles and improve their hardness and resistance.

To sum up, the annealing temperature of commonly used steel varies according to the type of steel and the specific requirements. During the annealing process, it is necessary to select the annealing temperature and cooling rate reasonably based on the material, size, and desired annealing effect of the steel, in order to optimize the mechanical properties, microstructure, and processing performance of the steel. Through reasonable annealing treatment, the strength, toughness and resistance of steel can be improved to meet the needs of different fields.

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